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Classical Mythology

Gods

Taken from "Dictionary of Classical Mythology" by J.E. Zimmerman, 1964

Apollo
aka Sol (Roman), Helios, Helius, Hyperion, Phoebus, Osiris (Egyptian), One of the twelve Olympians. Brother to Diana (aka Artemis). The sun god, and god of fine arts, medicine, music, poetry, eloquence.
Ares
aka Mars (Roman), God of war, One of the twelve Olympians, Lover of Aphrodite. His favorite animals are the vulture and the dog.
Asopus
(a-sow-pus) a river god, son of Poseidon.
Bacchus
(bak-us) Roman, aka Dionysus (Greek) God of wine, Married to Ariadne, son of Zeus and Semele.
Chaos
one of the oldest Gods and one of the deities of the infernal regions. The rude and shapeless mass whose appearance could not be described, for there was no light by which it could be seen. It existed before the formation of the universe; and from it a Supreme Power created the world. His wife was Nyx (Night) and his son Erebus (darkness).

Check out this Creation Myth

Erebus supplanted Chaos and married mother Nyx, they had two children, Aether (light) and Herema (day), whose child was Eros (love). Then was created Pontus (the sea). Gaea followed, and then came Uranus, the overhanging heavens, born of Gaea (the earth). Gaea united with her son Uranus and produced the first race, the twelve Titans.

Comus
(ko-mus) Roman God of revelry, feasting, drinking, mirth and nocturnal entertainments
Cupid
aka Amor, Eros (Greek) Roman god of love. Son of Hermes and Aphrodite.
Dagan
(dah-gan) aka Dagon, the fish God, some accounts list him as the God of the Earth
Dii
aka Di (dee) Roman name for the twelve great Gods of the Greeks. (Greek names in parantheses) Apollo (apollo), Ceres (demeter), Diana (artemis), Jove or Jupiter (zeus), Juno (hera), Mars (ares), Mercury (hermes), Minerva (athena), Neptune (poseidon), Venus (aphrodite), Vesta (hestia), Vulcan (hephaestus).
Februss
(feb-ru-us) aka Februa, Roman God of Purification, to who the month of February was sacred.
Fons
(fonz) Roman God of Springs , Son of Janus and Juturna
Genius
(je-ni-us)Roman divinity wo presided over the birth and life of every person, place, or thing and determined character, conduct, and destiny.
Hades
aka Ades, Aides, Aidoneus, Pluto, Orcus (Roman) Ruler of the Underworld, one of the great Olympians, husband to Persephone
Hercules
Roman renowned for feats of strength, on of the seven great destroyers of monsters and the mightiest and most famous of all the Greek heros.
Hermes
(hur-meez) aka Mercury (Roman) son of Zeus and Maia. The messenger of the gods. God of wealth, of trade and travlers, of commerce, manual skill, oratory and eloquence, of thieves and of the wind.
Hippotades
(hi-pot-a-dez) aka Aeolus, God of the winds
Hypnos
aka Somnus (Roman) God of Sleep, father of Morpheus, God of Dreams
Momus
God of adverse criticism, faultfinding, mockery, and pleasantry. The faultfinder of Olympus, and Son of Nyx. There is a story based on Momus, "Ode to the Comic Spirit", by George Meredith. It reminds that criticism is necessary for reason and sense.
Morpheus
God of Sleep
Pan
aka Faunus (Roman) , Greek God of flocks, shepherds, forests and wild life, and fertility. Part man, part goat, with ears, horns , tail, and hind legs of a goat. Invented the flute with seven reeds (pan-pipe).
Poseidon
aka Neptune (Roman) God of the Sea, son of Cronus and Rhea, on of the twelve great Olympians, brother of Zeus, Hades, Demeter, Hera and Hestia. Created the Horse.
Vulcan
aka Hephaestus, Roman name for the God of fire and metalworking
Zeus
aka Jove, Jupiter (Roman) Ruler of all heavan and earth, of all Gods and all men, Son of Cronus and Rhea. The most powerful of all ancient Greek Gods. Married seven times and had many extramarital affairs and children. He shape-shifted into several form to gratify his passions.

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